Version 4 (modified by dclark, 17 years ago) (diff)


Encap based bootstrap for bcfg2 and complete bcfg2 client toolchain

This bootstrap code is a method for getting bcfg2 (as a client), including all dependencies, up and running on a new platform as quickly as possible (from source).

The latest version of this document is always available from:

For a more general overview of what this is, see:

You can view this document with glorious Trac Wiki formatting at:

You can obtain the latest version of the code from bcfg2 svn:

  • svn co

Or browse the latest version on the web via:

Using the encap package manager it automatically downloads, builds and creates encap packages for bcfg2 and dependencies to /usr/local/encap, and installs symbolic links to these packages from /usr/local (the usual encap thing).

It attempts to be as self contained as possible; everything gets linked to under /usr/local/lib/bcfg2, except for bcfg2 itself and some dependent software, which is prefixed by b2- (b2-openssl, b2-python etc.).

To run the bcfg2 server, you also need to install gamin, which supports a subset of the platforms bcfg2 client will work on, including GNU/Linux and FreeBSD.

When using this packaging, /etc/bcfg2.conf is instead /usr/local/etc/bcfg2.conf.

This should be considered an alpha version. Everything compiles and seems to work, but it has not yet been tested with a working bcfg2 repository.

Building and installing everything

  1. Make sure all of the Prerequisites (see below) are installed.
  2. The build user needs write access to the encap source and build directories. By default, these are /usr/local/encap and /usr/local/src. If you like to live dangerously, you can also just do the builds as root.
  3. Run make. This will kick off and background the entire build process. Make output will be redirected to make.log, and package build output will go to individual log files.
  4. If everything goes well, try running "bcfg2-repo-validate". This should not generate a python traceback :-)
  5. You now have *-encap-*.tar.gz encap packages you can distribute to other machines. If you don't like the OS name encap uses automatically (esp. on GNU/Linux these can be too generic), do make rename OS=somestring.


  • GNU gcc and GNU g++
  • GNU make (make sure "gmake" links to GNU make on non-GNU platforms)
  • epkg (the encap package manager)

You will need binaries of the GNU tools. For GNU and BSD based operating systems, you should be able to get these via the operating system's package system. For commercial operating systems, these can be obtained from:


Supported Platforms

Below is a table of platforms that have been successfully bootstrapped using this code.

OS Vendor Version Arch GCC By With VERSION
AIX IBM 5.3 POWER 4.1.0 dc 0.7/0.8.2
GNU/Linux Debian Sarge i386 3.3.5 dc 0.7/0.8.2
GNU/Linux Debian Sid i386 4.1.2 dc 0.8/0.8.2
Solaris Sun 10 Sparc 3.4.3 dc 0.7/0.8.2
Solaris Sun 10 i386 3.4.3 dc 0.7/0.8.2

dc: "Daniel Clark" <mailto:[email protected]…>

If you bootstrap a platform not listed above, please add a comment to:

so that platform can be added to the list.

If you modified any of the files in this package to be able to bootstrap the new platform, please include either diffs or a tarball of your modified version in a new ticket so your changes can be incorporated into a new release.

Any other notes, such as where you got the GNU binaries or any issues people should be aware of, would also be appreciated.

You may want to scan all of the bootstrapped binaries and libraries with ldd (or equivalent) to make sure there are no dependencies on libraries other than those included with the base operating system and the libraries built as part of the bootstrap process.

On non-GNU operating systems, libgcc and libstdc++ are a run-time requirement. These libraries are usually distributed with gcc/g++, so the bootstrap system attempts to create encap packages containing those libraries by copying them from the build machine. To test that this worked, you'll want to either temporarily remove gcc/g++ from the build machine and make sure everything still works, or install the bcfg2-*.tar.gz encap packages on a "clean" machine (without a gcc/g++ install) and test on that machine.

Note that the doc for the encap profile format is in "man 5 encap_profile".

Release Notes

  • Initial Released Version
  • Work needs to be done to minimize size of distribution. In 0.1 libraries and binaries are not stripped, and there is a lot of pruning that can be done of individual packages.
  • Updated bcfg2 to 0.8.2pre7
  • Updated README to point to resources
  • Updated bcfg2 to 0.8.2pre10
  • Versions before this version won't work without manually fixing paths
  • Added patches so paths actually exist, specifically:
    • bcfg2.conf default location is /usr/local/etc
    • epkg/encap paths changed to encap default /usr/local paths
    • schema prefix patch (changeset 1953) applied
    • default schema prefix changed to /usr/local/lib/bcfg2
  • Added mirror of all packages downloaded by the profiles at and made mirror default for those downloads
    • Set up automatic hourly mirror of bcfg2 ftp site *.tar.gz files
    • Mirror of other packages is manual (but deps shouldn't change often)
  • Removed external download of patches as that was not working consistently; replaced with patches inline the bcfg2 encap profile (.ep file)
  • Added GNU patch dependency, both for bcfg2 patches and call from
  • Fixed bcfg-repo-validate so it can find xmllint (as b2-xmllint)
  • Updated bcfg2 to 0.8.2 (released version)
  • Removed r1953 patch from bcfg2 profile, since that is included in 0.8.2
  • Added alpha version warning
  • Added Solaris support
  • Added python code to fix paths; removed inline patch & GNU patch dependency
    • Path change happens as part of install, logged to postinstall.log
  • Changed prefix from b2 to b2- to disambiguate from system commands
  • Fixes to make man pages easier to access
  • Install tools as b2-example-tools-*
  • Added some auxiliary tools under tools/ directory
    • daemontools - cross-platform alternative to init scripts/cron
    • ostiary - simple/secure daemon for kicking off a local script
    • epkg Makefile - to build epkg when prebuilt binaries aren't available

Documentation Version

$Id: README 2053 2006-08-07 12:22:27Z dclark $